The National Lottery was set up as a Government monopoly in 1934. Prior to February, 2004, all National Lottery games fell under the responsibility of the Public Lotto Department. In February, 2004 Maltco Lotteries Limited was awarded an exclusive license to operate all the National Lottery games. The license was valid for seven years with an additional year in case of non renewal due to a Public Call. In October 2011 an international public tender for the concession rights of the National Lottery Games, namely Lotto, Super 5 and the Grand Lottery was published, with two bidders responding to such a call for tenders. Maltco Lotteries Limited was the successful bidder and was awarded a 10 year concession by the Government of Malta and a 10 year licence granted by the Lotteries and Gaming Authority on the 27th June 2012. The second National Lottery licence is valid as from the 5th July 2012.
The Lotteries and Gaming Authority regulates the operations of Maltco Lotteries Limited as the National Lottery Licensee and collects gaming tax from the licensee on behalf of the Government. The National Lottery Licensee provides contributions towards the Good Causes Fund and the Reponsible Gaming Fund.